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標題: [Other] 菝葜科植物 SMILACACEAE [打印本頁]

作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-19 01:15     標題: 菝葜科植物 SMILACACEAE

Thank you!


#1










#2





[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2007-2-19 00:31 編輯 ]
作者: blackdogto    時間: 2006-10-19 01:33

土伏苓???
作者: littlelittle    時間: 2006-10-19 08:38

似是成日被人掘的土伏苓
作者: 小丸    時間: 2006-10-19 09:45

點分土伏苓同"匡條"菝葜??
作者: hkmoths    時間: 2006-10-19 23:47

#1 & #2 = Smilax glabra

cheers,

Cecily
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-20 00:35

Thank you Cecily and other!

And want to ask that the green "ball" in Photo #1 is flower or fruit?

同埋Smilax glabra除左果有白色粉霜外, 葉背會唔會有呢? 因為好似有時見到有, 有時又無!

[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2006-10-20 00:38 編輯 ]
作者: hkmoths    時間: 2006-10-20 00:52

The green "ball" is flower buds.

it has the white powder when the leaves are young. The white coating wear off with age.

Cecily

Good night!

[ Last edited by  hkmoths at 2006-10-20 00:53 ]
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-20 01:31

謝謝Cecily!

其實同小丸子都有同一個問題,其實幾種菝葜科既植物應該點分辨呢?
作者: hkmoths    時間: 2006-10-20 23:15

just a brief summary of field characters / differences of the species in this Family (Smilaxaceae), not including female and male flowers, prophyllate or something complicated.

They are all woody climbers.

Heterosmilax japonica 肖菝葜:  tendrils (卷鬚) well developed. Leaf blade (葉片) ovate-lanceolate (卵狀披針形) to subcordate(近心形). Inflorescence (花序) borne in axil of leaf or scalelike bract; umbels (繖形花序) of both sexes 20–50-flowered; berries (漿果) black.

Smilax astrosperma 灰葉菝葜: stem branched (分枝), sometimes sparsely prickly (刺), tendrils usually present. Leaf blade becoming grayish when dried, lanceolate (披針形), adaxially (lower leaf surface) (葉底) wrinkled along 3 concave main veins. Inflorescence usually of 1 umbel, umbels of both sexes 3–5-flowered; berries globose (球狀).

Smilax china菝葜 : stem branched, sparsely prickly, tendrils usually present. Leaf blade elliptic (橢圓形) to orbicular(圓形). Inflorescence borne in axil of young leaf, of 1 umbel﹔ erries red, globose, minutely white powdery (白色幼粉) .

Smilax corbularia  筐條菝葜 , 長葉菝葜: tendrils usually present. Leaf blade abaxially (葉面) glaucous , ovate (卵形) to oblong-elliptic (長橢圓形), leathery (皮革質), margin (葉緣) recurved (外反). Inflorescence of 1 umbel, umbels of both sexes 10–20- flowered; berries dark red, globose

Smilax glabra  土茯苓 , 光葉菝葜: stem branched, smooth. tendrils well developed. Leaf blade elliptic- or ovate-lanceolate, Inflorescence of 1 umbel, umbels of both sexes 10–30 or up to 60 flowered; berries blue-black, white powdery.

Smilax lanceifolia  暗色菝葜: branchlets (小枝) occasionally zigzagged (之字形). Leaf blade lanceolate to ovate-oblong, Inflorescence of 1(or 2) umbels, berries yellowish red to black, globose,

Smilax ocreata  抱莖菝葜: stem and branches usually sparsely prickly; tendrils commonly developed. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, leathery. Inflorescence a raceme (總狀花序) of 2–4 or up to 7 umbels, umbels of both sexes not grouped,  berries dark red, globose,

Smilax 菝葜: Perianth segments free
Heterosmilax 肖菝葜: Perianth segments united into a tube

Hope this helps.

Cecily
作者: Gilbert    時間: 2006-10-20 23:38

之前問過有關的植物 - 長葉菝葜
http://hkinsect.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=1600
作者: KONG    時間: 2006-10-21 00:04

great!! really thank you for your sharing~~
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-21 01:04

Oh! Really Great Sharing! Cecily! Thanks a lot and a  lot ar!


作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-27 02:09     標題: 菝葜?

肖菝葜?














土茯苓?





[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2006-11-2 01:50 編輯 ]
作者: Cecily    時間: 2006-10-27 11:10

both are correct.

Cecily
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-30 01:15     標題: 菝葜,金剛藤 Smilax china L.







[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2006-11-2 01:51 編輯 ]
作者: Cecily    時間: 2006-10-30 01:47

Yes, by the following characteristics:

1. 2  tendrils from the petiole 葉柄
2。 sparsely prickly 疏刺
3。 orbicularor ovate  leaf blade
4. leaf shealth 葉鞘 on petiole

Cecily
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-30 02:06



QUOTE:
原帖由 Cecily 於 2006-10-30 01:47 發表
Yes, by the following characteristics:

1. 2  tendrils from the petiole 葉柄

Cecily

Cecily! Thanks for your great teaching again! But why 2 tendrils from the petiole is a characteristic for Smilax china L.? I have seen 土茯苓and 肖菝葜 also have 2 tendrils from the petiole! Is there any difference between their tendrils  for different  Smilax species?

Thank you very much!
作者: Cecily    時間: 2006-10-30 02:15

I just do the identification by elimination:

when it has tendril from the petiole, you can eliminate the others (only S. glabra, S. china and hertosmilax japonica left),
then sparsely prickly, it means it is S. china.

The rest two are the confirmation of the identification.

Cecily
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-10-30 02:29



QUOTE:
原帖由 Cecily 於 2006-10-30 02:15 發表
I just do the identification by elimination:

when it has tendril from the petiole, you can eliminate the others (only S. glabra, S. china and hertosmilax japonica left),
then sparsely prickly, ...

Oh! icic! Thank you again Cecily! I have learn more again!

According to your notes last time, Smilax astrosperma 灰葉菝葜, Smilax corbularia  筐條菝葜 , 長葉菝葜 and Smilax ocreata  抱莖菝葜 also has tendril. So are you mean their tendril not from the petiole? And where their tendril located?

You can answer my question tommorrow! This is my first time find you answer my question in the midnight! So suprise! Don't go to  bed too late! Good night and sweet dream!
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-11-13 23:22     標題: 菝葜,金剛藤 Smilax china L.















[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2006-11-16 00:41 編輯 ]
作者: Gilbert    時間: 2006-11-13 23:23

菝葜. ?
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-11-13 23:29



QUOTE:
原帖由 Gilbert_HoHK 於 2006-11-13 23:23 發表
菝葜. ?

I also think so!
作者: Cecily    時間: 2006-11-14 09:23     標題: Smilax china

Smilax china.

Cecily

[ 本帖最後由 Sze 於 2006-11-22 01:42 編輯 ]

圖片: Oxfam11Nov06_10035h.jpg (2006-11-14 09:48, 86.27 K) / 該附件被下載次數 129
http://www.hkwildlife.net/Forum/attachment.php?aid=910


作者: Gilbert    時間: 2006-11-14 09:45

THX. Cecily,
點解有dSmilax china葉中間係紅色. 新出既嫩葉
作者: Sze    時間: 2006-11-14 23:40

咦?原來佢可以唔攀援而係自己企直係地上架?
作者: paulvps    時間: 2006-11-21 21:51     標題: 肖菝葜(Gaudichaud Heterosmilax)



QUOTE:
原帖由 Cecily 於 2006-11-14 09:23 發表
Smilax china.

Cecily

菝葜科植物 SMILACACEAE ???

圖片: 菝1.jpg (2006-11-21 21:51, 44.52 K) / 該附件被下載次數 126
http://www.hkwildlife.net/Forum/attachment.php?aid=1063



圖片: 菝2.jpg (2006-11-21 21:51, 45.44 K) / 該附件被下載次數 132
http://www.hkwildlife.net/Forum/attachment.php?aid=1064


作者: KONG    時間: 2006-11-21 22:38



QUOTE:
原帖由 paulvps 於 2006-11-21 21:51 發表


菝葜科植物 SMILACACEAE ???

yes, 肖菝葜(Gaudichaud Heterosmilax)
作者: paulvps    時間: 2006-11-21 23:43



QUOTE:
原帖由 KONG 於 2006-11-21 22:38 發表


yes, 肖菝葜(Gaudichaud Heterosmilax)

Thanks KONG.
作者: Gilbert    時間: 2007-1-4 19:56

土伏苓. 果

圖片: IMG_1494.JPG (2007-1-4 19:56, 119.98 K) / 該附件被下載次數 119
http://www.hkwildlife.net/Forum/attachment.php?aid=1943


作者: paulvps    時間: 2010-1-9 11:56

請問「菝葜」的「葜」﹐應讀作什麼﹖

查粤音審音配詞字庫
http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-can/

是契約的「契」或是
契丹的「契」(音揭) ?




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