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標題: [Other] Biodiversity of Hong Kong Insects (19.XII.2017 Update) [打印本頁]

作者: nadia    時間: 2017-12-19 23:07     標題: Biodiversity of Hong Kong Insects (19.XII.2017 Update)

The insect classification basically follows that proposed by the Royal Entomological Society (see the link below) with slight modification on the grouping of orders.  Order Mastophasmatodea is yet to be reported from China but is included here for the sake of completion.
https://www.royensoc.co.uk/insect-classification

KINGDOM ANIMALIA
PHYLUM ARTHROPODA
SUBPHULUM HEXAPODA
CLASS ENTOGNATHA
1. Protura = 247 (C), 5 (HK), 21 (GD)
2. Collembola = 542 (C), 15 (HK), 41 (GD)
3. Diplura = 52 (C), 6 (HK), 11 (GD)

CLASS INSECTA
SUBCLASS APTERYGOTA
4. Archaeognatha = 26 (C), 1 (HK), 0 (GD)
5. Zygentoma = 6 (C), 3 (HK), 2 (GD)

SUBCLASS PALAEOPTERA
6. Odonata = 827 (C), 143 (HK), 193 (GD)
7. Ephemeroptera = 389 (C), 47 (HK), 23 (GD)

SUBCLASS POLYNEOPTERA
8. Plecoptera = 652 (C), 9 (HK), 33 (GD)
9. Dermaptera = 305 (C), 32 (HK), 19 (GD)
10. Blattaria = 503 (C), 51 (HK), 50 (GD)
11. Isoptera = 536 (C), 48 (HK), 143 (GD)
12. Mantodea = 185 (C), 26 (HK), 42 (GD)
13. Embioptera = 8 (C), 5 (HK), 5 (GD)
14. Grylloblattaria = 2 (C), 0 (HK), 0 (GD)
15. Orthoptera = 3857 (C), 176 (HK), 340 (GD)
16. Phasmida = 410 (C), 24 (HK), 49 (GD)
17. Zoraptera = 5 (C), 0 (HK), 0 (GD)
18. Mastophasmatodea = 0 (C), 0 (HK), 0 (GD)

SUBCLASS PARANEOPTERA
19. Hemiptera: Heteroptera = 4619 (C), 541 (HK), 781 (GD)
19. Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha = 5359 (C), 314 (HK), 500 (GD)
19. Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha = 4013 (C), 505 (HK), 454 (GD)
20. Phthiraptera = 999 (C), 113 (HK), 267 (GD)
21. Psocoptera = 1708 (C), 71 (HK), 136 (GD)
22. Thysanoptera = 723 (C), 96 (HK), 197 (GD)

SUBCLASS ENDOPTERYGOTA
23. Coleoptera = 30991 (C), 2096 (HK), 2422 (GD)
24. Diptera = 17647 (C), 843 (HK), 1392 (GD)
25. Hymenoptera = 14672 (C), 901 (HK), 1239 (GD)
26. Lepidoptera = 23302 (C), 2792 (HK), 3073 (GD)
27. Mecoptera = 289 (C), 2 (HK), 7 (GD)
28. Megaloptera = 130 (C), 9 (HK), 27 (GD)
29. Neuroptera = 835 (C), 29 (HK), 47 (GD)
30. Raphidioptera= 26 (C), 0 (HK), 0 (GD)
31. Siphonaptera = 704 (C), 7 (HK), 16 (GD)
32. Strepsiptera = 29 (C), 3 (HK), 5 (GD)
33. Trichoptera = 1309 (C), 49 (HK), 81 (GD)

Number of species/subspecies in Hong Kong = 8962
Number of species/subspecies in Guangdong = 11616
Number of species/subspecies in Hainan = 9550
Number of species/subspecies in Taiwan = 25370
Total number of species/subspecies in China = 115907

[ 本帖最後由 nadia 於 2017-12-20 08:37 編輯 ]
作者: Aland    時間: 2017-12-20 04:06

The link does not seem to work.
__________________________________________

The numbers seem to the amount of effort spent on searching and classifying different groups of insects.
The varying ratios between the number of species found in HK to that in GD is interesting.
Numbers like these show how much is yet to be discovered.

8. Plecoptera = 652 (C), 9 (HK), 33 (GD)
9. Dermaptera = 305 (C), 32 (HK), 19 (GD)

My guess is that the true ratio is close to that of Ordonata (143:193).

[ 本帖最後由 Aland 於 2017-12-20 04:07 編輯 ]
作者: nadia    時間: 2017-12-20 09:49

Taiwan has been doing extremely well in biodiversity research.   The number of new species and new records found have almost doubled in the past decade!  The mainland counterparts are also doing pretty well.   Hong Kong has been slowed down quite a bit since reunification.   It's a pity that none of the local universities offer entomology course.
作者: Aland    時間: 2017-12-22 00:05



QUOTE:
原帖由 nadia 於 2017-12-20 09:49 發表
Taiwan has been doing extremely well in biodiversity research.   The number of new species and new records found have almost doubled in the past decade!  The mainland counterparts are also doing prett ...

Hiking is becoming a more and more fashionable activity in Hong Kong in recent years, but more effort has to be put in to give this trend a little further push and train more naturalists who are willing to spend time on wildlife. To me, opening a entomology course might be necessary, but to get people out into nature at a young age is equally important. If a large part of the younger generation screams when they encounter any insect, it is not easy to find enough people to pursue the interest or even the career of entomology (or in fact any other sort of wildlife).




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