Nature Photographer's Code of Practice
”There is one hard rule and fast rule, whose spirit must be observed at all times.
The welfare of the subject is more important than the photograpgh."
BIRDS AT THE NEST
It is particularly important that photography of birds at the nest should be undertaken only by those with a good knowledge of bird breeding behaviour. There are many otherwise competent photographers (and bird watchers) who lack this qualification.
A hide should always be used when there is a reasonable doubt that birds would continue normal breeding behaviour otherwise. No part of the occupant (e.g. hands adjusting lens-settings, or a silhouette through inadequate material) should be visible from the outside of the hide.
Hides should not be erected at a nest site where the attention of the public or any predator is likely to be attracted. If there is a any risk of this an assistant should be in the vicinity to shepherd away potential intruders. No hide should be left unattended in daylight in a place with common public access.
Though reported nest failures attributable to nest photography are few, a high proportion of those that occur are due to undue haste. The maximum possible time should elapse between consecutive stages of hide movement (or erection), introduction of lens or flash-gear, gardening and occupation. There are many species which need at least a week's preparation; this should be seen as the norm.
Each stage of preparation should be fully accepted by the bird (or both birds, where feeding or incubation is shared) before the next is initiated. If a stage is refused by the birds (which should be evident from their behaviour to a competent bird photographer) the procedure should be reversed at least one stage; if refusal is repeated the attempt at photography should be abandoned......
Wildlife photography ethics
Wildlife Code of Ethics
First and foremost, view wildlife from a safe distance for both you and them. Respect their spatial needs. If the animal interrupts its behavior (resting, feeding, etc.), then you are too close and must distance yourself.
Never force an action. Be patient! The most beautiful photographs result from natural action.
Never come between a parent and its offspring
. I've seen tiny bear cubs distressed, treed then separated from their mother by a throng of tourists eager for a closer look. This is unacceptable behavior.
Never crowd, pursue, prevent escape, make deliberate noises to distract, startle or harass wildlife. This is stressful and wastes valuable energy in needless flight. The impact is cumulative. Consider that you may be the 65th person to yell "hey moose" at that animal that day while it's attempting to tend to its young.
Never feed or leave food (baiting) for wildlife. Habituation due to handouts can result in disease or even death of that animal and injury to you.
Never encroach on nests or dens as certain species will abandon their young.
Never interfere with animals engaged in breeding, nesting, or caring for young.
Acquaint yourself with and respect the behaviors and ecosystems of the wildlife you may encounter. By doing so, you will enrich your experience tremendously.
Finally, and most significant, remember that the welfare of the subject and habitat are irrefutably more important than the photograph.
[ 本帖最後由 SimFish 於 2007-6-17 02:07 編輯